How Many Toilets Do You Need in Australia?




According to the NCC – Building Code of Australia (Volume One) regulations on Sanitary and other facilities (Part F2), suitable sanitary facilities for personal hygiene must be provided in every building. Their exact number is not specified, but depends on:

  • the function and use of the building, as well as
  • the number of the occupants,
  • their gender and
  • their particular needs (e.g. disability).

However, the following are the latest recommendations on the washroom design and numbers in various building types.

What Is the Legal Requirement for Toilets in the Workplace?

One unisex toilet including:

  • one toilet pan,
  • one washbasin and
  • means for disposing of sanitary items

In workplaces with both male and female workers would suffice according to the specifications of the National Construction Code of Australia if the total number of workers does not exceed 10, and if there are NO more than two workers of one gender.

The following table presents the minimum required number of separate sanitary facilities for all other workplaces (offices, factories, business buildings).

How many toilets are required in a workplace?
Workers Number of toilet pans Number of urinals Number of washbasins
Men 1 per 20 men 1 per 25 men 1 per 30 men
Women 1 per 15 women N/A 1 per 30 women

In addition to washbasins provided with toilets. separate ones should also be provided. What’s more, their number may be increased if the work involves exposure to infectious substances or other contaminants.

How Many Toilets Should a School Have?

Schools and early childhood centres should provide enough suitable sanitary facilities for their students and employees. These are the minimum required standards:

  • 1 toilet pan for up to 25, 1 urinal for no more than 50, and 1 washbasin for 1-10 male students;
  • 1 toilet pan and 1 washbasin for no more than 10 female students;
  • 2 easily accessible junior toilet pans and 2 washbasins (with a rim no higher than 60cm) for up to 30 children;
  • 1 toilet pan and 1 urinal for up to 20 male employees, and 1 washbasin for up to 30 of them (no urinals required for fewer than 10 men);
  • 1 toilet pan for up to 5 women and 1 washbasin for up to 30 female employees.

According to Australian Design Standard for DETE Facilities, these are the guidelines based on the students’ age:

  • 1 toilet and washbasin for every 10 pupils under the age of 5
  • 1 toilet and washbasin for every 20 pupils aged 5-11
  • 1 toilet for every 20 pupils aged over 11 (washbasins may be reduced where facilities are shared)

How many toilets are required in a school?
Users Number of toilet pans Number of urinals Number of washbasins
Male students 1 per 1-25 male students
2 per 26-75 male students
3 per 76-150 male students
4 per 151-200 male students
Add 1 per 100 if >200 male students
1 per 1-50 male students
2 per 51-100 male students
Add 1 per 100 for >100 male students
1 per 1-10 male students
2 per 11-50 male students
3 per 51-100 male students
Add 1 per 75 for >100 male students
Female students 1 per 1-10 female students
2 per 11-25 female students
Add 1 per 25 for 26-100 female students
Add 1 per 50 for >100 female students
N/A 1 per 1-10 female students
2 per 11-50 female students
3 per 51-100 female students
Add 1 per 75 for >100 female students
Male employees 1 per 1-20 men
Add 1 per 20 persons if more than 20 men
No urinals required for up to 10 male employees
1 per 11-20 men
2 per 21-45 men
Add 1 per 30 persons if more than 45 men
1 per 1-30 men
Add 1 per 30 persons if more than 30 men
Female employees 1 per 1-5 women
Add 1 per 15 persons if more than 5 women
N/A 1 per 1-30 women
Add 1 per 30 persons if more than 30 women
Children in early childhood centres 2 junior toilet pans per 1-30 children
Add 1 per 15 for >30 children*must be accessible from both indoor and outdoor play areas
N/A 2 per 1-30 children
Add 1 per 15 for >30 children*washbasins with a rim height not exceeding 600mm

How Many Toilets Do You Need in a Restaurant?

In restaurants, cafes or bars, the minimum required number of sanitary facilities is:

  • 1 toilet pan per up to 100 male users,
  • 1 toilet pan per no more than 25 female users,
  • 1 urinal and 1 washbasin per 50 men, and
  • 1 washbasin per 50 women.

Also, there’s no need to provide sanitary facilities if the total number of people is not more than 20, and if their number is larger, here are the further requirements.

How many toilets are required in a restaurant?
Users Number of toilet pans Number of urinals Number of washbasins
Male 1 per 1-100 men
2 per 101-300 men
Add 1 per 200 if more than 300 men
1 per 50 men
2 per 51-100 men
3 per 101-150 men
4 per 151-200 men
5 per 200-250 men
Add 1 per 100 if more than 250 men
1 per 50 men
2 per 51-200 men
Add 1 per every 200 men if more than 200 men
Female 1 per 1-25 women
2 per 26-50 women
3 per 51-100 women
4 per 101-150 women
5 per 151-200 women
6 per 201-250 women
Add 1 per 100 if more than 250 women
N/A 1 per 50 women
2 per 51-150 women
Add 1 per every 200 women if more than 150 women

How Many Sanitary Facilities Are Required in Shopping Centres?

In shopping centres and department stores, the suggested number of toilet pans is 1 for up to 2,000 male users (with 1 urinal per 1-600 men), and 1 toilet pan for no more than 300 female users. One washbasin is necessary for every 600 men and women.
If the total number of patrons in a building is less than 600, no sanitary facilities need to be provided.

How many toilets are needed in a shopping centre?
Users Number of toilet pans Number of urinals Number of washbasins
Male 1 per 1-2000 men
Add 1 per 1200 for >1200 men
1 per 1-600 men
Add 1 per 1200 for >600 men
1 per 1-600 men
Add 1 per 1200 for >600 men
Female 1 per 1-300 women
2 per 301-600 women
Add 1 per 1200 for >600 women
N/A 1 per 1-600 women
2 per 601-1200 women
Add 1 per 1200 for >1200 women

What Are the Sanitary Facilities Requirements for Health-Care Centres?

In health-centre buildings, 2 toilet pans are required for up to 16 male and female patients, as well as 1 washbasin per 8 people. No urinals are necessary.

How many toilets are necessary in a health-care centre?
Users Number of toilet pans Number of urinals Number of washbasins
Male patients 2 per 1-16 men
Add 1 per 8 for >16 men
1 per 1-8 men
Add 1 per 8 for >8 men
Female patients 2 per 1-16 women
Add 1 per 8 for >16 women
N/A 1 per 1-8 women
Add 1 per 8 for >8 women


How Many Sanitary Facilities Should There Be in Entertainment Venues?

Theatres, cinemas, art galleries or similar buildings with multiple auditoria require 1 toilet and 1 washbasin per 20 participants, 250 male spectators and no more than 10 female spectators.

On the other hand, single auditorium theatres or cinemas should provide 1 toilet and 1 washbasin when the number of male patrons is more than 51, and 3 toilets with 1 washbasin when the number of female patrons exceeds 51.

How many toilets are necessary in theatres or cinemas with multiple auditoria?
Users Number of toilet pans Number of urinals Number of washbasins
Male spectators 1 per 1-250 men
2 per 251-500 men
Add 1 per 500 for >500 men
1 per 1-100 men
Add 1 per 100 for >100 men
1 per 1-150 men
Add 1 per 150 for >150 men
Female spectators 1 per 1-10 women
2 per 11-50 women
Add 1 per 60 for >51 women
N/A 1 per 1-80 women
2 per 81-250 women
3 per 251-430 women
Add 1 per 200 for > 430 women
Male participants 1 per 1-20 men
Add 1 per 20 for >20 men
1 per 1-10 men
Add 1 per 10 for >10 men
1 per 1-10 men
Add 1 per 10 for >10 men
Female participants 1 per 1-10 women
Add 1 per 10 for >10 women
N/A 1 per 1-10 women
Add 1 per 10 for >10 women
How many toilets are needed in single auditorium theatres or cinemas?
Male patrons 0 per fewer than 50 men
1 per 1-250 men
2 per 251-500 men
Add 1 per 500 for >500 men
0 per fewer than 50 men
1 per 51-100 men
Add 1 per 100 for >100 men
0 per fewer than 50 men
1 per 51-150 men
Add 1 per 150 for >150 men
Female patrons 0 per 1-50 women
3 per 51-110 women
4 per 111-170 women
5 per 171-230 women
6 per 231-250 women
Add 1 per 80 for >250 women
N/A 0 per fewer than 50 women
1 per 51-150 women
Add 1 per 150 for >150 women

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How Many Toilets Are Needed in Sports Venues?

For sports stadiums and other sports venues, the necessary sanitary facilities are:

  • 1 toilet for 20 male and 10 female participants, 1 urinal per 20 men, and 1 washbasin for up to 10 men or women;
  • 1 toilet for up to 250 male spectators,1 urinal per 100 and 1 washbasin per 150 of them;
  • 1 toilet for no more than 15 female spectators and 1 washbasin for up to 60 women.

Besides the above minimum provision of sanitary appliances, here are more detailed guidelines.

How many toilets are required in sports venues?
Users Number of toilet pans Number of urinals Number of washbasins
Male spectators 1 per 1-250 men
2 per 251-500 men
Add 1 per 500 for >500 men
1 per 1-100 men
Add 1 per 100 for >100 men
1 per 1-150 men
Add 1 per 150 for >150 men
Female spectators 1 per 1-15 women
2 per 16-60 women
3 per 61-120 women
Add 1 per 70 for >120 women
N/A 1 per 1-60 women
2 per 61-200 women
3 per 201-350 women
Add 1 per 150 for > 350 women
Male participants 1 per 1-20 men
Add 1 per 20 for >20 men
1 per 1-10 men
Add 1 per 10 for >10 men
1 per 1-10 men
Add 1 per 10 for >10 men
Female participants 1 per 1-10 women
Add 1 per 10 for >10 women
N/A 1 per 1-10 women
Add 1 per 10 for >10 women

Whatever venue or sanitary facility it is, every single one requires adequate essentials:

In addition, top-quality washroom hygiene is mandatory to prevent the spread of serious illnesses in all high traffic toilets and it is a tedious job.

So, why wouldn’t you let the experienced team of Fresh & Clean managed washroom services take care of your washroom hygiene with programs specifically designed to your individual needs.

Get in touch now and always rest assured that your sanitary facilities are safe, healthy and impeccably clean places with absolutely no hassle.


Image source: bushboard-washrooms.co.uk
Image source: washroom.co.uk
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